Section: System Administration (8)
Updated: July 2014Index
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fstrim - discard unused blocks on a mounted filesystem
is used on a mounted filesystem to discard (or "trim") blocks which are not in
use by the filesystem. This is useful for solid-state drives (SSDs) and
will discard all unused blocks in the filesystem. Options may be used to
modify this behavior based on range or size, as explained below.
argument is the pathname of the directory where the filesystem
frequently, or even using
mount -o discard,
might negatively affect the lifetime of poor-quality SSD devices. For most
desktop and server systems the sufficient trimming frequency is once a week.
Note that not all
devices support a queued trim, so each trim command incurs a performance penalty
on whatever else might be trying to use the disk at the time.
, and minimum-size
arguments may be
followed by the multiplicative suffixes KiB (=1024),
MiB (=1024*1024), and so on for GiB, TiB, PiB, EiB, ZiB and YiB (the "iB"
is optional, e.g., "K" has the same meaning as "KiB") or the suffixes
KB (=1000), MB (=1000*1000), and so on for GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB and YB.
- -a, --all
Trim all mounted filesystems on devices that support the discard operation.
The other supplied options, like --offset, --length and
--minimum, are applied to all these devices.
Errors from filesystems that do not support the discard operation are silently
- -o, --offset offset
Byte offset in the filesystem from which to begin searching for free blocks
to discard. The default value is zero, starting at the beginning of the
- -l, --length length
The number of bytes (after the starting point) to search for free blocks
to discard. If the specified value extends past the end of the filesystem,
will stop at the filesystem size boundary. The default value extends to
the end of the filesystem.
- -m, --minimum minimum-size
Minimum contiguous free range to discard, in bytes. (This value is internally
rounded up to a multiple of the filesystem block size). Free ranges smaller
than this will be ignored. By increasing this value, the fstrim operation
will complete more quickly for filesystems with badly fragmented freespace,
although not all blocks will be discarded. Default value is zero, discard
every free block.
- -v, --verbose
Verbose execution. With this option
will output the number of bytes passed from the filesystem
down the block stack to the device for potential discard. This number is a
maximum discard amount from the storage device's perspective, because
ioctl called repeated will keep sending the same sectors for discard repeatedly.
will report the same potential discard bytes each time, but only sectors which
had been written to between the discards would actually be discarded by the
storage device. Further, the kernel block layer reserves the right to adjust
the discard ranges to fit raid stripe geometry, non-trim capable devices in a
LVM setup, etc. These reductions would not be reflected in fstrim_range.len
- -V, --version
Display version information and exit.
- -h, --help
Display help text and exit.
some filesystem discards have succeeded, some failed
returns 0 (all succeeded), 32 (all failed) or 64 (some failed, some succeeded).
Lukas Czerner <email@example.com>
Karel Zak <firstname.lastname@example.org>
The fstrim command is part of the util-linux package and is available from
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