Section: User Commands (1)Index
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- make histogram from diff-output
diffstat [options] [file-specifications]
This program reads the output of diff
and displays a histogram
of the insertions, deletions, and modifications per-file.
Diffstat is a program that is useful for reviewing large, complex patch files.
It reads from one or more input files which contain output from diff
producing a histogram of the total lines changed for each file referenced.
If the input filename ends with .bz2, .gz, .lzma, .z or .Z,
diffstat will read the
uncompressed data via a pipe from the corresponding program.
It also can infer the compression type from files piped via the standard input.
Diffstat recognizes the most popular types of output from diff:
preferred by the patch utility.
best for readability, but not very compact.
not good for much, but simple to generate.
Diffstat detects the lines that are output by diff to
tell which files are compared, and then counts the markers in the
first column that denote the type of change (insertion, deletion
These are shown in the histogram as "+", "-" and "!" characters.
If no filename is given on the command line,
diffstat reads the differences from the standard input.
ignore lines matching "Binary files XXX and YYY differ" in the diff
prefix each line of output with "#", making it a comment-line for shell
add SGR color escape sequences to highlight the histogram.
- -D destination
specify a directory containing files which can be referred to as
the result of applying the differences.
diffstat will count the lines in the corresponding files
(after adjusting the names by the -p option)
to obtain the total number of lines in each file.
The remainder, after subtracting modified and deleted lines,
is shown as "unchanged lines".
The debug prints a lot of information.
It is normally compiled-in, but can be suppressed.
- -e file
redirect standard error to file.
- -f format
specify the format of the histogram.
for concise, which shows only the value and a single histogram code for each of
delete (-) or
for normal output,
to fill in the histogram with dots,
to print each value with the histogram.
Any nonzero value gives a histogram.
The dots and individual values can be combined,
e.g., -f6 gives both.
prints the usage message and exits.
suppress the merging of filenames in the report.
attempt to improve the annotation of "only" files
by looking for a match in the resulting set of files and
inferring whether the file was added or removed.
This does not currently work in combination with -R because
diffstat maintains only the resulting set of files.
lists only the filenames.
No histogram is generated.
merge insert/delete counts from each "chunk" of the patch file to
approximate a count of the modified lines.
- -n number
specify the minimum width used for filenames.
If you do not specify this, diffstat uses the length of the longest
filename, after stripping common prefixes.
- -N number
specify the maximum width used for filenames.
Names longer than this limit are truncated on the left.
If you do not specify this, diffstat next checks the -n option.
- -o file
redirect standard output to file.
- -p number
override the logic that strips common pathnames, simulating the patch
suppress the "0 files changed" message for empty diffs.
- -r code
provides optional rounding of the data shown in histogram,
rather than truncating with error adjustments.
is the default.
No rounding is performed,
but accumulated errors are added to following columns.
rounds the data
rounds the data and adjusts the histogram to ensure that
it displays something if there are any differences even if
those would normally be rounded to zero.
Assume patch was created with old and new files swapped.
show only the summary line, e.g., number of insertions and deletions.
- -S source
this is like the -D option, but specifies a location where
the original files (before applying differences) can be found.
overrides the histogram,
generates output of comma separated values.
suppress the sorting of filenames in the report.
e.g., if the output is redirected to a file,
write progress messages to the standard error.
prints the current version number and exits.
- -w number
specify the maximum width of the histogram.
The histogram will never be shorter than 10 columns,
just in case the filenames get too large.
Diffstat runs in a portable UNIX® environment.
You can override the compiled-in paths of programs used for decompressing
input files by setting environment variables corresponding to their name:
However, diffstat assumes that the resulting program uses the
same command-line options, e.g., "-c" to decompress to the standard output.
Diffstat is a single binary module, which uses no auxiliary files.
Diffstat makes a lot of assumptions about the format of a diff file.
There is no way to obtain a filename from the standard diff between
two files with no options.
Context diffs work,
as well as unified diffs.
There's no easy way to determine the degree of overlap between the
"before" and "after" displays of modified lines.
diffstat simply counts the number of inserted and deleted lines
to approximate modified lines for the -m option.
Thomas Dickey <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
- SEE ALSO