Section: Debhelper (1)
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dh_install - install files into package build directories
] [debhelper options
is a debhelper program that handles installing files into package
build directories. There are many dh_install*
commands that handle installing
specific types of files such as documentation, examples, man pages, and so on,
and they should be used when possible as they often have extra intelligence for
those particular tasks. dh_install
, then, is useful for installing everything
else, for which no particular intelligence is needed. It is a replacement for
the old dh_movefiles
This program may be used in one of two ways. If you just have a file or two
that the upstream Makefile does not install for you, you can run dh_install
on them to move them into place. On the other hand, maybe you have a large
package that builds multiple binary packages. You can use the upstream
Makefile to install it all into debian/tmp, and then use dh_install to copy
directories and files from there into the proper package build directories.
From debhelper compatibility level 7 on, dh_install will fall back to
looking in debian/tmp for files, if it doesn't find them in the current
directory (or wherever you've told it to look using --sourcedir).
List the files to install into each package and the directory they should be
installed to. The format is a set of lines, where each line lists a file or
files to install, and at the end of the line tells the directory it should be
installed in. The name of the files (or directories) to install should be given
relative to the current directory, while the installation directory is given
relative to the package build directory. You may use wildcards in the names of
the files to install (in v3 mode and above).
Note that if you list exactly one filename or wildcard-pattern on a line by
itself, with no explicit destination, then dh_install
will automatically guess the destination to use, the same as if the
--autodest option were used.
This option makes dh_install keep track of the files it installs, and then at
the end, compare that list with the files in the source directory. If any of
the files (and symlinks) in the source directory were not installed to
somewhere, it will warn on stderr about that.
This may be useful if you have a large package and want to make sure that
you don't miss installing newly added files in new upstream releases.
Note that files that are excluded from being moved via the -X option are not
This option is like --list-missing, except if a file was missed, it will
not only list the missing files, but also fail with a nonzero exit code.
- -Xitem, --exclude=item
Exclude files that contain item anywhere in their filename from
Look in the specified directory for files to be installed.
Note that this is not the same as the --sourcedirectory option used
by the dh_auto_* commands. You rarely need to use this option, since
dh_install automatically looks for files in debian/tmp in debhelper
compatibility level 7 and above.
Guess as the destination directory to install things to. If this is
specified, you should not list destination directories in
debian/package.install files or on the command line. Instead, dh_install
will guess as follows:
Strip off debian/tmp (or the sourcedir if one is given) from the front of
the filename, if it is present, and install into the dirname of the
filename. So if the filename is debian/tmp/usr/bin, then that directory
will be copied to debian/package/usr/. If the filename is
debian/tmp/etc/passwd, it will be copied to debian/package/etc/.
- file|dir ... destdir
Lists files (or directories) to install and where to install them to.
The files will be installed into the first package dh_install acts on.
cannot rename files or directories, it can only install them
with the names they already have into wherever you want in the package
This program is a part of debhelper.
Joey Hess <firstname.lastname@example.org
- SEE ALSO