Section: User Commands (1)
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chfn - change real user name and information
chfn [options] [LOGIN]
command changes user fullname, office room number, office phone number, and home phone number information for a user's account. This information is typically printed by
and similar programs. A normal user may only change the fields for her own account, subject to the restrictions in
/etc/login.defs. (The default configuration is to prevent users from changing their fullname.) The superuser may change any field for any account. Additionally, only the superuser may use the
option to change the undefined portions of the GECOS field.
These fields must not contain any colons. Except for the
field, they should not contain any comma or equal sign. It is also recommended to avoid non-US-ASCII characters, but this is only enforced for the phone numbers. The
field is used to store accounting information used by other applications.
The options which apply to the
-f, --full-name FULL_NAME
Change the user's full name.
-h, --home-phone HOME_PHONE
Change the user's home phone number.
-o, --other OTHER
Change the user's other GECOS information. This field is used to store accounting information used by other applications, and can be changed only by a superuser.
-r, --room ROOM_NUMBER
Change the user's room number.
-R, --root CHROOT_DIR
Apply changes in the
directory and use the configuration files from the
Display help message and exit.
-w, --work-phone WORK_PHONE
Change the user's office phone number.
If none of the options are selected,
operates in an interactive fashion, prompting the user with the current values for all of the fields. Enter the new value to change the field, or leave the line blank to use the current value. The current value is displayed between a pair of
marks. Without options,
prompts for the current user account.
The following configuration variables in
change the behavior of this tool:
This parameter specifies which values in the
field of the
file may be changed by regular users using the
program. It can be any combination of letters
h, for Full name, Room number, Work phone, and Home phone, respectively. For backward compatibility,
is equivalent to
is equivalent to
frwh. If not specified, only the superuser can make any changes. The most restrictive setting is better achieved by not installing
Shadow password suite configuration.
User account information.
- SEE ALSO